Tuesday, September 25, 2018

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Biography.

The forgotten hero.

Give me blood and I shall give you the freedom.

On 23 January 1897, a new guest came to a Bengali family in Katak town of Orissa, India. The members of the family adorned him as 'Suvas Chandra Bose'. ‘Subhash' gradually grew up.At the beginning of the twentieth century, Indian youth were growing up in a quandary. At the same time, in the Indian society, on the one hand, there was a spread of western education, on the other hand, the Indian mind began to grow in the Western.
From the school days, the foundation of Indian values has been developed in Subhash's mind. In 1913, he was admitted to Presidency College, Calcutta. One day when an English teacher disagreed with the Indians, Subhash made a strong protest. As a result, he was expelled from the college. Subhash was then admitted to the Scottish Church College under the University of Calcutta. From there he passed BA in 1918.  In 1920 he passed the Indian Civil Service Examination and entered the service.
He left government service to free India from the British. In April 1921, he resigned from the Indian Civil Service and joined the Indian National Congress. On 10 December 1921, British police arrested Chittaranjan Das and Subhash Chandra Bose on charges of violation of law and order. He was released in 1922.
His political life began with a meeting with Gandhiji. But he had no interest in Gandhiji's non-violent movement. So he left Gandhiji and came to Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das. From his perspective, he made himself more mature in politics. Then Netaji started politics with freedom fighter Chittaranjan Das.

In April 1924, he was appointed Chief Executive Officer of the Calcutta Corporation. Chittaranjan Das was then the Mayor of Calcutta Corporation. Subhash Chandra Bose's monthly salary was 3000 rupees But he decided to take the salary of Tk 1500 per month. In October of that year, Netaji was arrested for his involvement with Swadeshi revolutionaries. The British sent him to Burma jail. He was indifferent prisons including Mandalay till 1925-1927.
He was released from jail in 1927. The General Assembly of All India Congress held in Calcutta in 1928. At this time he formed 'Bengal Volunteers' forces. Whose character was military. The Bengal Volunteers' army was taught in the military mentality and each member of the force was mentally prepared for any sacrifice for the sake of independence. Next time Netaji got inspiration from this 'Bengal Volunteers' force to build the Azad Hind fauj. In 1929, at the Congress held in Lahore, Pakistan, he and the revolutionaries proposed to form a parallel government along with the British government.
In mid-1933, he went to Europe with dust in the eyes of the British government. From 1933 to 1936, he came in contact with many political leaders and great people of Europe. Because he realizes that to liberate Bharatmata from the British Government, it will require cooperation from the soldiers and political leaders of foreign countries. During this time he traveled across Europe and campaigned for India's independence.
He held meetings against the British in Prague, Berlin, Munich, Milan, and Rome. Collects world-wide votes for Indian independence and organizes Indians. After coming to the country on April 8, 1936, the British government arrested him again. The 'Shubhash Day' celebrated by the whole of India in protest of this arrest. Were released in 1937. That year he married his personal secretary Emily. In 1942 their daughter ‘Annetta’ was born.
In 1938 ‘Netaji’ was elected the President of Congress. When World War II began in 1939, Subhas Chandra Bose opposed Gandhiji's non-violent policies and proposed to send an ultimatum to the British government for a six-month independence. But the national Congress was not in favor of starting a violent struggle. Gandhiji did not want to embarrass the English government during that time of danger. Subsequently, Subhash Bose was forced to resign when he had a strong disagreement over this question, and he formed another group named 'Forward Bloc'. After creating a strong public opinion in Calcutta, the English government frightened.  July 2, 1940, they arrest Netaji and kept him in the Presidency jail of Calcutta. In January 1941 he escaped under house arrest and traveled towards Russia via Afghanistan. There he sought the support of Soviet power for India's independence. But Stalin rejected the application of Subhash Chandra Bose.
On March 28, 1941, he reached Japan from German. Under the supervision of Rasbehari Basu in Japan, he formed 'Azad-Hindu Fauj' with the prisoners of the Indian subcontinent and became the supreme commander.
On 21 March 1944, 'Azad Hind Fauj' entered Manipur in the Indian territory. The activities of this army spread quickly. But at the beginning of 1945, Japan rejected the promise of cooperating with Azad Hind Fauj.
azad hind fouz 

15 August 1945, The Second World War ended but India's independence movement was still in the final stage. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose disappeared by breaking the Hindu Fauj. Nobody knows where he is Neither is the British government looking for him. At this time Cornel Bhonsale announced that even if the Japanese were defeated, even if the leader was not, 'Azad Hind Fauj' would fight till the last bloody point. After the killing of a few thousand Indian soldiers, some groups of Azad Hind Border advanced up to Kohima. The British did not have any power to confuse the Indians. In the end, in 1947, the British ruler trailed through the Pak-India divisions. The liberation of India, the independence of independence, for independence, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and many revolutionary lives have fought and struggled.
It is speculated that Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was killed in a plane crash in Taiwan on 19th August 1945 on the way to Tokyo. But there is still debate about the exact date and place of his death. His remains were never saved.

Information sources :
1. The five memorable revolutionaries of Bengal: Editing - Knowledge of Devprasad, Dip Prakashan - Calcutta Publication 5 January 2008
2. I am Subhash: Sri Sailesh Dey Rabindra Library, Calcutta Prakalakal - Rathjatra-13381 First part, Rathjatra-second part 1384, Rathjatra-third volume 1389.
3. Subhash Chandra of Bengali children: Kalipada Das. Literature publication Publication in 1995
4. Modern India: Pranabkumar Chattopadhyay Second volume (1920-1947) West Bengal State Book Board, Calcutta, 1999.

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